Locomotives With Auxiliary Load (LWAL). LWALs will eliminate attachment of additional power cars and the space can be used by a passenger coach. This will enhance carrying capacity and significantly reduce noise level, fuel consumption and carbon footprint. Four such locos have been deployed currently and another 39 are proposed to be manufactured during 2016-17.
LEDisation. Railways have undertaken energy audits and there is a potential to reduce energy consumption by 10% to 15%. To achieve this, Railways have decided to use only LED luminaries and to cover all railway stations with LED luminaries in next 2 to 3 years.
Bio-Toilets. 17,000 bio-toilets in trains and additional toilets at 475 stations will be provided before March 31, 2016. There is a plan of installing additional 30,000 bio-toilets in the next financial Year besides providing portable structures with bio-toilets at select stations.
Waste Treatment Facilities. Railways are in the process of establishing waste segregation and recycling centres at A1 category stations. It is expected that 5 centres will be commissioned in the financial year 2016-17.
Rain Water Harvesting or RWH. According to the Railways, as of now 2,000+ locations have been provided with RWH facility and RWH systems will be provided in a phased manner in all establishments having rooftop areas of more than 200 square metres. According to estimates, that out of total potential of recycling around 250 million litres of water per day, it only recycles 20 million litres.
Sleepers From Recycled Plastic. Environmentally friendly composite sleepers made up of recycled plastic waste have been developed which will be used over all girder bridges.
Water Conservation And Recycling. Automatic coach washing plants will be commissioned in major coaching depots with a holding of more than 500 coaches for improved cleaning with reduced water consumption. Further, 32 stations and 10 coaching depots have been identified for installation of water recycling plants in the coming years.
Green Industrial Units. It is proposed to convert all production units and as at least one workshop in each Zonal Railway as green industrial unit by obtaining relevant certification, good energy management, sourcing energy from renewables, water conservation, improved green cover and environment friendly management of waste.
Dual Fuelling. It is proposed to convert DEMUs to dual fuel. Already 11 DPCs have been converted and 3 more is scheduled to be converted.
RENEWABLE ENERGY THRUST
Waste to Energy. Railways plan to set up ‘waste to energy’ conversion plants near major coaching terminals to dispose waste in an environment-friendly manner. EOI already opened for 2 stations Jaipur and New Delhi.
Monetizing Land Along Tracks. Railways have huge tracts of land available adjacent to its rail network. IR plans to lease out this space to promote a number of activities including solar energy generation.
Solar And Wind Power Generation. Railways have targeted commissioning of installed capacity of 1000 MW in next 5 years. Policy guidelines and tender documents for 50MW solar plants at rooftop have been issued and facility for another 100 MW is being set up. It has commissioned a 25 MW wind mill power plant at Jaisalmer and its working towards commissioning 132.5 MW in the next year. Further, Railways have proposed to utilize the infrastructure at remotely located railway stations for installation of solar micro-grid on pilot basis which will not only provide clean and reliable power supply to railway stations, but will also facilitate energy access to nearby quarters and surrounding rural households.
Solar Power Sourcing. To reduce dependence on fossil fuels, it is intended to expand sourcing of Solar Power as part of the Solar Mission of Railways.