RATIONALE: India lies in the high solar insolation region, endowed with huge solar energy potential with most of the country having about 300 days of sunshine per year with annual mean daily global solar radiation in the range of 4 - 6 kWh/m2/day.
OBJECTIVE: Solar Parks will be concentrated zones of development of solar power generation projects. They will provide project developers an area that is well characterized, with proper infrastructure and access to amenities and where the risk of the projects can be minimized. Solar Parks will also facilitate developers by reducing the number of required statutory approvals.
PROPOSED INSTALLED CAPACITY: Government of India has sanctioned establishment of 25 solar parks, each with a capacity of 500 MW and above with a cumulative target of 20000 MW of installed solar power generation.
COMPLETION TARGET: The Solar Parks will be set up within in a span of 5 years commencing from financial year 2014-15. Thereafter individual developers may come up as per demand and interest shown by them.
RESPONSE AND INTEREST OF THE STATES: So far 15 states in India have consented for 20 solar parks on 12,999 MW proposed installed capacity. Solar Parks will enable the States to bring in significant investment from project developers, meet its Solar Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) mandate and provide employment opportunities to local population. Further states will also reduce their carbon footprint by avoiding emissions equivalent to the solar park’s installed capacity and generation besides avoiding expensive fossil fuel procurement to power conventional power plants.
GREENTREPRENEURS' FACILITATION: Greentrepreneurs setting up generation units in Solar Parks will have a number of incentives. Following are a few of them:
- Price of the land is to be kept as low as possible.
- Parks are preferred to be closer to Central Transmission Utility.
- Parks will have at least 5 acres per MW towards installation of solar projects.
- Parks will give opportunity for use of all technologies in a technologically agnostic fashion.
- State governments will ensure all infrastructural requirements outside the park such as connecting road, provision of water supply, construction electricity, etc. to make the park functional.
- Land approved for installation of solar power plants and necessary permissions including change of land use etc.
- Water availability for construction as well as running of power plants and demineralization plant.
- Flood mitigation measures like flood discharge, internal drainage etc.
- Construction power.
- Telecommunication facilities.
- Transmission facility consisting pooling station (with 400/220, 220/66 KV switchyard and respective transformers) to allow connection of individual projects with pooling station through a network of underground cables or overhead lines.
- Housing facility for basic manpower wherever possible.
- Parking, Warehouse etc.
- Manufacturing of solar products and components may also be allowed in the parks
NOTES TO GREENTREPRENEURS: Greentrepreneurs planning to set up generation units in Solar Parks will need to keep the following points in mind:
- Solar Park will not guarantee power purchase agreement (PPA) or tariff for the power to be produced. The greentrepreneurs need to have their own arrangement for a PPA or get selected in any Government of India or State Government Scheme. The Greentrepreneurs will be free to set up projects under any scheme or for third party sale.
- Interconnection of each plot with pooling stations through 66 KV /other suitable voltage underground or overhead cable will be the responsibility of the greentrepreneurs.
SOURCE: http://mnre.gov.in/file-manager/UserFiles/Solar-Park-Guidelines.pdf accessed July 19, 2015.